10 Basic Linux Commands for a Newbie User

By: Jav Zeb Iqbal.
Last Updated: September 16, 2020.

Linux is one of the operating systems available in the virtual world, competing successfully and developing itself in a prominent manner to be a dominant OS. It is being used on Mainframe computers, supercomputers, and many of the complex programs.

A variety of systems are running on Linux, howbeit, the domestic PC users are not very much aware of this OS.

The aforesaid statement is one of the reasons why Windows and Mac OS are more in use when it’s come to personal computing devices, yet it does not indicate that Linux is not capable enough, it is triumphantly serving the computing machines, over and above, since the last couple of years Linux is the only OS that is in use to supercomputers.

Linux is way more different than the personal computers or Mac devices, the techies that have moved to it lately, might find a little frightening, like, how does this work? Have I entered an entire contrasting world? Or lost my way?. Hang in there, it does happen with every new Linux user, but it is not arduous unreasonably.

Granted, once you get along with it and conversant enough, it will be just
like home, a few, notwithstanding every newbie will have to be aware of the
basic commands used for this operating system, well! this article will provide
the possible knowledge to make use of the Linux.

10 Basic Linux Commands for a Newbie

Linux works as the kernel for multiple operating systems, Android is purely based on Linux, so, the Android cellular device you are utilizing currently is running on it as well. Being an open-source program one can make changes to it and use it without being asked.

Unlike other operating systems, it is entirely free of cost, does not require a penny in order to acquire it. Use it, make changes, send it forward and you won’t face any questions at all. So sit back and experience the most secure OS platform to give a boost to your digital marketing business.

Dealing with the Shell

Linux has a main component which is known as Linux Shell or Terminal and it obligates the user to add commands so that the OS can process them.

Various commands are required to perform the actions on Linux, find the files, open the terminal, approach the folders, create new ones, get rid of counterproductive material, and so on, well! the formerly mentioned process is way too apparent there are some complex commands as well.

Linux has a command-line interface and all these commands that you will go through below will be bestowed on it. Back to the drawing board, mentioned below are the basic commands that are required by any Linux users.

Basic Commands for Linux

When we say basic, yes these are the fundamental, super vital commands yet incomplex, these are required to flourish with Linux and make most of it on initial stages.

  1- How to Know about the directory:

First and the foremost one is the one that is utilized to know what directory the user is in right now, as when one opens the terminal it takes straight towards the home directory, thus in order to find out the directory use “pwd” Commands and it will provide the desired result.

  2- What are the files contained by directory:

Next comes the information about the directory what are the files it contains, in order to know that use “Is” commands, it will list down all the files that are present in the directory. It is very obvious that the directory may contain hidden files, also the Windows user might be aware of the hidden files they are also on deck but invisible, use “Is -a” command and you can see hidden files.

  3- Move the files:

In order to move the file to a different folder or directory this command will help, use “mv” to perform this action.

  4- To make a directory:

Make a new directory using “mkdir” command, it enables to create a new directory.

  5- Remove Directory:

Let’s say the directory you created using the above-mentioned command is of no use any longer, thus, the next and the foremost desire of the user will be to remove it. So, to remove the directory use “rmdir” command.

  6- Remove Files

The above-stated command will remove the directory, howbeit in order to remove the files from the system, there is a different command as the above one does not work for this action. Use “rm” to remove files from Linux.

  7- Create Files

Now, in order to remove or move files to the different destinations, one has to have a file obviously, if there is no file available the upper commands are absolutely useless. Formulate files using the command “touch”.

  8- Find the file

In order to locate the files that were created using the above command, in case the name of the file is not known, use the “locate” command and it will help to tweak the file in a jiffy.

  9- Clear the screen

Often after utilizing the Linux, the screen gets cluttered of various information that was either entered or available for the techie, in order to clear the screen use command “clear” and get rid of the muddled screen.

  10- Get help to get expertise on command:

If you do not have adequate knowledge about how to utilize command and lack the expertise on it or stuck at some point seek help using the “man” command. Get help from the OS in order to obtain the command manual pages.

All the above-stated commands are the basic ones, that will be required for the Linux user every now and then, these are essential in order to get along with the operating system.

Use these commands and start taking the baby steps, these as mentioned earlier are basic commands, there are various intermediate as well as complex commands that are utilized by the Linux users, notwithstanding not everyone stands in the dire need for them.

Linux has various options for its users they can choose among the numerous editions of Linux OS available out there, they vary in the difficulty level, the newbies might stretch the hand towards the ones with low tribulation as it will provide the users enough confidence to move on with this operating system.

There is no need to wrap the head around, just go easy with it and take time to learn, start from the scratch, move on step by step, it does not involve any rocket science.

Do not hesitate if you mess up a bit, just make sure to avoid the commands that may ruin the directory, seek help online or ask any tech-savvy nearby, a little help performs wonders at times.

Author’s Bio

Jav Zeb is a young and spirited British author with expertise in the tutorial writing and product reviewing. She has completed AAT from London School of Business and Finance, Birmingham. Interests: Drawing, Painting, Blog Writing, Interior Decor, and Reading. Living in: Erdington, Birmingham, West Midlands, UK. You may reach her at [email protected].



Last Updated By on September 16th, 2020 in Lessons

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